All parents discuss, and many even argue about the early development of children. Some think that the sooner you start practicing, the better. Others are generally against early activities with children and believe that it is not necessary to rush this. Of course, every mum and dad wishes only the best for their child. They want their child to grow up as an intelligent, beautiful and educated person. So what is the best option? At which age is it best to start? How can these classes be useful, or are they just a useless fashion trend? In the modern world nobody would be surprised that a child at the age of five can read, count and write .This is already considered commonplace and even the norm. Children nowadays are perfectly able to absorb new information, and some of them can even read at 1-2 years old by using certain technique. Some parents make a lot of efforts to develop their child. They think that it is necessary to teach the child everything before they attend school, so later it will be easier to learn.
But! In fact, early development should take place with an “intelligent and cautious" approach. Many mothers and fathers do not correctly understand what early development is, and they conduct this as an educational process, which is incorrect. In early development it is very important to adopt another approach - development through play.
What does early development mean? Early development is the active development of the child in every way from birth to about three or four years old. That is, to gradually reveal in a child such abilities as the ability to think, to analyze, to compare and to be able to find solutions in various situations.
Many mothers and fathers do not correctly understand this concept and place emphasis on the amount of knowledge that the child has by a certain age.
There are parents who proudly say that their child, at two or three years old, already knows how to count, read, speaks English, attends five children’s clubs and recites Pushkin's poems by memory. Can we speak about early development such a case?
There is no doubt that the child was engaged in many things. But, if the child does not understand a single sentence from the Pushkin poem which they so recently learnt and cannot put on their own socks, can it be said that they are as developed as a child who knows no letters, but can easily dress themselves, make order in their room, and who uses their own words re-tell a fairy tale that has been read to them? Such a child is likely more independent and sociable.
Many believe that early development and early learning are the same thing.
In the matter of the first child, they were engaged in “early development”, the parents spent a lot of effort, used a lot of material to help to give the child all this knowledge, and most importantly, spent a lot of time. Mums want to save time while they are engaged with the child, but what happens is the opposite - they just lose time. The time that the child spent memorizing poems and capitals of the World and other information that is currently unnecessary for them, could have been spent on something more productive. This is not early development, but early training. They wanted to give their child the maximum information that they considered necessary.
In other cases, when parents spend time with their child, playing, talking, watching the trees and butterflies, and many other things they are helping the child to create a natural interest in the world.
What are the bad points about early learning?
All such activities at preschool age can lead the child to neurosis, disorders of the nervous system and depression. This happens because not all children are born geniuses. Soon the moment may come when the child can no longer attract attention with their knowledge and other ideas.
Many parents believe that the more a preschooler learns and knows before school, the easier it will be for them later, as everything will be repeated in elementary school. This is a fallacy. The child may be bored if they are not experiencing new learning, and don’t know how to make themselves busy in the classroom. Consequently, by the time senior school begin, the child needs to make a lot of efforts to master new knowledge, since earlier they was not familiar with this process. The child only absorbs the information given to them as they want to impress friends and relatives.
If you only deal with the intellectual development of children, physical development can suffer as a result. After all, children should move around and develop coordination, and not just play intellectual games.
It may also affect a child's ability to communicate with their peers in the future as it will not be interesting because their knowledge will not be equal.
You might say “What to do?”.
Children are well able to absorb all the information they are given. And here is the question for parents: “What do you want to achieve for the child through early development?” If this is a lot of knowledge, and you wish to have a little genius in the future who will receive a good education, then this is the wrong approach.
The main goal of early development is the creation of an environment in which the child can develop independently, study the world around them and with the help of adults, reveal their abilities and improve themselves. They should be offered opportunities to become acquainted with new things, new problems and create ways to solve new tasks. This is the difference between early development and early learning.
Mobile and active games can be combined with calm games using different techniques. It is important to develop associative thinking so different information is stored in memory, making it is easier for the child to analyze and compare in the future.
When your child goes to kindergarten, then your task is to make the preschool became a good friend for them. You need to communicate with teachers, follow their recommendations and help your child to expand on the knowledge that they have learned in the group.
There is no case where you need to teach a child when they are not yet three years old. Get them interested with a game. Only through play can you offer them something new. Talk, draw, sculpt, but you do not need to focus on the amount of knowledge they are gaining. Remember one thing- that everything is good in a certain amount. If you focus on something too much, then an imbalance can begin in the entire development of your child.